WILD LAND FIRES IN THE BLACK SEA REGION: IMPACT, MANAGEMENT AND NEEDS FOR INNOVATIVE TECHNOLOGIES

S. Zibtsev, I. Mitsopoulos, G. Mallinis, B. Saglam, A. Borsuk, N. Zaimes, M. Yavuz, D. Galupa, D. Emmanouloudis, R. Uratu, R. Moisei, A. Ghulijanyan

Abstract


Due to rapid socio-political, economical changes, land use and global climate changes in countries of the Black Sea basin threat from large forest fires to the population, infrastructure and ecosystems has been constantly increasing during last decades. Fire hazard and fire management in six countries in the Black Sea Ecoregion were analyzed in order to develop a unified strategy of fire management and improve cross-boundary cooperation. The highest danger in the region poses critical fire seasons, like 2007, when annual burned area exceeded total burned area for the period 2004-2006, 2008-2009. Development of a regional early warning system, better preparedness of fire forces to extinguish large fires during critical fire seasons and implementation of decision support systems based on innovative technologies are the key steps to reduce impact of fire on the regional level.

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